If you are living in society you are probably working or consuming, and therefore you are paying taxes directly or indirectly, and those taxes are paid to organize society.
Your tax money is used to print money, pay justice officers, firefighters, and many other kinds of public services. This means you pay huge amounts of money every day for the application of laws, and for the choices of your political system as well.
Do you agree with the decisions you are buying? It’s a question everyone should ask more frequently.
Yes, you could be better paid for your job, the…
Philosophers don’t disappear from libraries when their ideas are proved wrong, or when a scandal is revealed about them. What happens is the loss of popularity, and that’s what’s happening to Hannah Arendt, the German philosopher responsible for the book The Origins of Totalitarianism (1951).
Scholars all around the world, the left, and most importantly, the students, are losing interest in her ideas, and here I will show you why.
Hannah Arendt used the term it in the context of a big confrontation of opposing and adversarial political narratives (capitalism vs communism) during the Cold War, and the term helped…
I usually present Leibniz’s arguments in two ways: in a more religious way (which is the original way), or in a way I consider less religious. But let’s begin with the most religious and original way.
We may say Leibniz’s explanation begins with “there is a God and he is rational,” and here are his arguments for God’s existence:
Here is nothing new: everybody lies about the East!
All western media says China and North Korea are cruel dictatorships. But this is a horrible mistake (there are elections in North Korea and in China). These countries are not cruel, and they are certainly more democratic than what we take as the top democracies of the world.
Do you think France, England, or the United States are democratic and philanthropic countries? So you should study more about France and England colonies, or about the countries ruined by US interventions (Brazil, Chile, Cambodia, Vietnam, and many others).
Unlike those fake “examplar…
Understanding human nature is one of the main aims of scientific areas like psychology, sociology, anthropology, and philosophy, while the consequences of their ideas is felt in politics, laws, government actions, and even in medicine.
These are the kind of questions the ideas around “human nature” may help answer:
My daughter is growing up quickly, she is 12 years old now, and as a consequence, I have to deal with many kinds of questions on a daily basis. One day she came to me asking, “why do we pay too many taxes?” Of course, this is no easy question, but this is basically what I answered her:
There are many sorts of taxes like administrative taxes, sanctions, income tax, and etc. But what drives society to create so many kinds of taxes are only two things:
(1) someone is working for you (and that person must be paid, as…
The year is 2394, and anyone and everyone, civilians included, can have a spaceship. You can either apply for one, and the government gives one to you, or you can build yourself one, but either way, the government has to check your spaceship before it is launched into space. When I graduated as a space cadet, I got mine to help other people colonize the solar system. I like what I do, yet, I left Earth in a very blue state of mind…
Some people believe we don’t inherit the problems of our parents. These people are lucky. …
Rousseau did not write the famous phrase, “we are good by nature and corrupted by society.” However, he did famously pen:
“Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains.” — (The Social Contract, 1762.)
But he was mocked by Voltaire, who replied to him:
“to read your book makes one long to go about all fours.” — (On the Advantages of Civilization and Literature, 1755.)
Rousseau, then, became seen as a plain “primitivist,” i.e., someone that decries modernity, or technological progress, and believes salvation lays in an archaic past.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778) was a Swiss-born musician, philosopher, and…
Zeno and Newton give different descriptions on what happens in a race where a fast man (e.g., Achilles) runs against a turtle. This is how Zeno describes it:
“Achilles runs a race with a tortoise, who has a start of n meters. Suppose the tortoise runs one-tenth as fast as Achilles. Then by the time Achilles has reached the tortoise’s starting point, the tortoise is n/10 meters ahead. By the time Achilles has reached that point, the tortoise is n/100 meters ahead, and so on ad infinitum. So Achilles cannot catch the tortoise.” …
I’m a philosophy teacher, and from time to time, I have to deal with students that despise most of what they see in and study about philosophy.
I reach out to these students by showing them there is a way they can hate philosophy more professionally. I introduce them to four great philosophers that spoke against philosophy in a very broad sense—and then I recommend a few books about each one of such philosophers.
Another good thing about this lesson is that it seems to amuse another kind of student (the kind that doesn’t hate philosophy). …